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Findings on measures of current fertility are presented in this table. These include the total fertility rate (TFR), general fertility rate (GFR), crude birth rate (CBR), and age-specific fertility rates (ASFRs) for women by five-year age groups. ASFRs are calculated by dividing the number of births to women in a specific age group by the number of woman-years lived during a given period.2 The TFR is defined as the average number of children a woman would have if she went through her entire reproductive period, from age 15 to 49, reproducing at the prevailing ASFRs. The GFR represents the annual number of births per 1,000 women age 15-44, and the CBR represents the annual number of births per 1,000 population. The CBR was estimated using birth history data in conjunction with the population data collected in the Household Questionnaire.
As shown in this table , the TFR was 5.6 births per woman for the three years preceding the survey. The TFR in rura areas was higher than in urban areas (6.8 and 4.7 births per woman, respectively). This pattern is reflected across each age group. Nationally and in both rural and urban areas, peak fertility occurs at age 25-29. Fertility rates fall drastically after age 39 in both rural and urban areas. The table further shows a GFR of 185 live births per 1,000 women age 15-44 and a CBR of 40.5 births per 1,000 population. Both rates are higher in rural than in urban areas.The disparities in fertility among rural and urban women can be attributed to the significant role played by education in population growth. When women’s literacy improves, fertility rates tend to decrease. Similarly, fertility rates tend to be lower where women have access to formal jobs and good health care,which are more available in urban areas than in rural ones.