Early childhood mortality rates by socioeconomic characteristics

Mortality differences by place of residence, Local Government Area (LGA), mother’s education, and household wealth are presented in this table. Mortality rates are presented for the 10-year period
preceding the survey to ensure a sufficient number of births to study mortality differentials across population subgroups. The table shows that infant and child survival are strongly influenced by background characteristics. Mortality rates are consistently lower in urban areas than in rural areas, although the difference is quite small for neonatal and postneonatal mortality. Infant mortality is 44 deaths per 1,000 live births in rural areas, as compared with 35 deaths per 1,000 live births in urban areas.Similarly, there is an urban-rural difference in under-5 mortality (69 deaths per 1,000 live births in rural areas versus 53 deaths per 1,000 live births in urban areas). Wide differences in early childhood mortality are also observed by LGA. For example, under-5 mortality rates range from a low of 52 per 1,000 live births in Kanifing and Kerewan to a high of 92 per 1,000 live births in Basse.

As expected, mother’s education is inversely related to a child’s risk of dying. Under-5 mortality among children born to mothers with no education is 69 per 1,000 live births, as compared with 37 per 1,000 live births among children born to mothers with a secondary education or higher. The beneficial effect of educating mothers is evident for all childhood mortality categories.

Early childhood mortality rates by Residence

ResidenceNeonatal mortality (NN)Post neonatal mortality (PNN)1Infant mortality 1q0Child mortality 4q1Under 5 mortality 5q0
Urban24.011.035.019.053.0
Rural29.015.044.027.069.0
Source: DHS 2013
{"name":"Neonatal mortality (NN)","data":[24,29]}|{"name":"Post neonatal mortality (PNN)1","data":[11,15]}|{"name":"Infant mortality 1q0","data":[35,44]}|{"name":"Child mortality 4q1","data":[19,27]}|{"name":"Under 5 mortality 5q0","data":[53,69]}
{"name":"Neonatal mortality (NN)","data":[{ name: 'Urban', y: 24},{ name: 'Rural', y: 29}]}|{"name":"Post neonatal mortality (PNN)1","data":[{ name: 'Urban', y: 11},{ name: 'Rural', y: 15}]}|{"name":"Infant mortality 1q0","data":[{ name: 'Urban', y: 35},{ name: 'Rural', y: 44}]}|{"name":"Child mortality 4q1","data":[{ name: 'Urban', y: 19},{ name: 'Rural', y: 27}]}|{"name":"Under 5 mortality 5q0","data":[{ name: 'Urban', y: 53},{ name: 'Rural', y: 69}]}
Urban|Rural

Early childhood mortality rates by LGA

LGANeonatal mortality (NN)Post- neonatal mortality (PNN)1Infant mortality (1q0)Child mortality (4q1)Under-5 mortality(5q0)
Banjul27.08.035.021.055.0
Kanifing24.07.032.021.052.0
Brikama27.017.043.018.061.0
Mansakonko30.013.042.022.063.0
Kerewan26.09.035.018.052.0
Kuntaur33.012.045.026.070.0
Janjanbureh12.010.022.016.038.0
Basse35.018.052.042.092.0
Source: DHS 2013
{"name":"Neonatal mortality (NN)","data":[27,24,27,30,26,33,12,35]}|{"name":"Post- neonatal mortality (PNN)1","data":[8,7,17,13,9,12,10,18]}|{"name":"Infant mortality (1q0)","data":[35,32,43,42,35,45,22,52]}|{"name":"Child mortality (4q1)","data":[21,21,18,22,18,26,16,42]}|{"name":"Under-5 mortality(5q0)","data":[55,52,61,63,52,70,38,92]}
{"name":"Neonatal mortality (NN)","data":[{ name: 'Banjul', y: 27},{ name: 'Kanifing', y: 24},{ name: 'Brikama', y: 27},{ name: 'Mansakonko', y: 30},{ name: 'Kerewan', y: 26},{ name: 'Kuntaur', y: 33},{ name: 'Janjanbureh', y: 12},{ name: 'Basse', y: 35}]}|{"name":"Post- neonatal mortality (PNN)1","data":[{ name: 'Banjul', y: 8},{ name: 'Kanifing', y: 7},{ name: 'Brikama', y: 17},{ name: 'Mansakonko', y: 13},{ name: 'Kerewan', y: 9},{ name: 'Kuntaur', y: 12},{ name: 'Janjanbureh', y: 10},{ name: 'Basse', y: 18}]}|{"name":"Infant mortality (1q0)","data":[{ name: 'Banjul', y: 35},{ name: 'Kanifing', y: 32},{ name: 'Brikama', y: 43},{ name: 'Mansakonko', y: 42},{ name: 'Kerewan', y: 35},{ name: 'Kuntaur', y: 45},{ name: 'Janjanbureh', y: 22},{ name: 'Basse', y: 52}]}|{"name":"Child mortality (4q1)","data":[{ name: 'Banjul', y: 21},{ name: 'Kanifing', y: 21},{ name: 'Brikama', y: 18},{ name: 'Mansakonko', y: 22},{ name: 'Kerewan', y: 18},{ name: 'Kuntaur', y: 26},{ name: 'Janjanbureh', y: 16},{ name: 'Basse', y: 42}]}|{"name":"Under-5 mortality(5q0)","data":[{ name: 'Banjul', y: 55},{ name: 'Kanifing', y: 52},{ name: 'Brikama', y: 61},{ name: 'Mansakonko', y: 63},{ name: 'Kerewan', y: 52},{ name: 'Kuntaur', y: 70},{ name: 'Janjanbureh', y: 38},{ name: 'Basse', y: 92}]}
Banjul|Kanifing|Brikama|Mansakonko|Kerewan|Kuntaur|Janjanbureh|Basse

Early childhood mortality rates by Mother's Education

Mother's EducationNeonatal mortality (NN)Post- neonatal mortality (PNN)1Infant mortality (1q0)Child mortality (4q1)Under-5 mortality(5q0)
No education29.015.044.026.069.0
Primary30.012.042.026.067.0
Secondary or higher18.08.026.012.037.0
Source: DHS 2013
{"name":"Neonatal mortality (NN)","data":[29,30,18]}|{"name":"Post- neonatal mortality (PNN)1","data":[15,12,8]}|{"name":"Infant mortality (1q0)","data":[44,42,26]}|{"name":"Child mortality (4q1)","data":[26,26,12]}|{"name":"Under-5 mortality(5q0)","data":[69,67,37]}
{"name":"Neonatal mortality (NN)","data":[{ name: 'No education', y: 29},{ name: 'Primary', y: 30},{ name: 'Secondary or higher', y: 18}]}|{"name":"Post- neonatal mortality (PNN)1","data":[{ name: 'No education', y: 15},{ name: 'Primary', y: 12},{ name: 'Secondary or higher', y: 8}]}|{"name":"Infant mortality (1q0)","data":[{ name: 'No education', y: 44},{ name: 'Primary', y: 42},{ name: 'Secondary or higher', y: 26}]}|{"name":"Child mortality (4q1)","data":[{ name: 'No education', y: 26},{ name: 'Primary', y: 26},{ name: 'Secondary or higher', y: 12}]}|{"name":"Under-5 mortality(5q0)","data":[{ name: 'No education', y: 69},{ name: 'Primary', y: 67},{ name: 'Secondary or higher', y: 37}]}
No education|Primary|Secondary or higher
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The Gambia Neonatal mortality (NN) Post- neonatal mortality (PNN)1 Infant mortality (1q0) Child mortality (4q1) Under-5 mortality(5q0)
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The Gambia Neonatal mortality (NN) Post- neonatal mortality (PNN)1 Infant mortality (1q0) Child mortality (4q1) Under-5 mortality(5q0)
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Early childhood mortality rates by Residence
  • Source: DHS 2013
Early childhood mortality rates by LGA
  • Source: DHS 2013
Early childhood mortality rates by Mother's Education
  • Source: DHS 2013
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